Maybe some of us have never heard of the term internet protocol / IP, or have heard of it but don’t understand its meaning. For people working in the world of information technology and computers, this term is certainly familiar. However, ordinary people must be wondering what IP and its benefits are. Next, we will discuss in detail about IP:
Understanding Internet Protocol
Internet protocol or abbreviated as IP is a basic rule used to coordinate the connection between computers, communication, and data transfer between two or more computer points. With the presence of IP, computers can communicate and exchange information with one another. The types of IPs, namely Proxy, DNS, IP Address, and others, are internet protocols as well.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol)
TCP is a group of protocols that exist on a computer network and functions to exchange data between computers. The protocol cannot stand alone because it is basically a collection of protocols (protocol suite). This protocol is a standard protocol on the internet network that connects several computers that have different operating system machines.
Domain Name System (DNS)
DNS is a data distribution system that aims to find the name of a computer on a network and uses TCP/IP. Usually used in applications that are connected to the internet, such as web browsers or email. The strength of this DNS is that it is easy, consistent, and simple because the hostname does not change and is enough for one domain in search.
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
HTTP is an application layer network protocol used for information systems using hypermedia. Its use focuses on the resources connected to the link. This protocol is used on www (world wide web). Its job is to translate a message so that it can be formatted and sent from the server to the client and respond back.
HTTPS is the same protocol as HTTP, but HTTPS has a higher level of security than HTTP, as the name suggests Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure. This communication protocol protects the integrity and confidentiality of user data between the computer and the site. So, it helps us adopt HTTPS to protect user connections to the site.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
The term FTP is in the application layer and is a standard distribution of computer files between machines in an internetwork. FTP only uses usernames and passwords that are sent in a form that is not easy to read. Registered users can access and download the files you want, while users who are not registered can access via email.
UDP (User Datagram Protocol)
UDP is a TCP/IP transport layer protocol that supports not reliable communication and does not use connections between hosts on TCP/IP networks. UDP functions to send messages to an application layer protocol or certain processes in a host on a network that uses TCP/IP.
ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol)
ICMP is used equipment that is connected through the internet for network analysis. The famous uses of ICMP are ping and traceroute. ICMP also functions to provide an error message if a requested service is not available, or if the destination computer or router cannot be contacted.
SSH (Secure Shell)
SSH is a network protocol that functions as a medium that bridges data exchange remotely more safely, between two or more computers, such as receiving and sending files. Because it has the advantage of being able to make communication security more secure, its credibility is more recognized.
SSL (Secure Socket Layer)
This protocol bears the title as a protocol with high-level encryption capabilities. In addition to being competent in terms of website security, it is also able to provide extra security for applications that require end-to-end network encryption.
POP3 (Post Controller)
This one internet protocol focuses on the email field. This protocol is used to retrieve email from the email server because it was designed from an email system that requires an email server that holds the email temporarily to the recipient.
IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol)
IMAP is a very basic protocol in accessing and retrieving emails from the server. This protocol makes it easy for users to select, search, and delete email messages. It can be said that IMAP has a performance that is superior to POP (Post Office Protocol) because it makes it easy for users to retrieve and download all messages without exception.
Telnet (Telecommunication network)
Telnet is a network protocol in an internet connection or Local Area Network (LAN). Telnet was the first internet standard that developed in 1969. But in practice, many have shortcomings and risks to the security system.
Wow, there are many kinds of IPs that we can learn. Some may be familiar to our ears, but some are also unknown before. Hopefully, this article can help those of you who are involved in the world of technology.